Dental hygiene is a very important part of maintaining a healthy smile. At Hipperholme dental practice we are pleased to have the services of an experienced hygienist who works closely with the dentists to provide you with excellent oral health care.
Gum disease (also known as Gingivitis and periodontitis) is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults.
Gingivitis and periodontitis can develop painlessly and remain unnoticed by the individual until an advanced stage when treatment is more complex and less successful. Prevention is our aim. With regular dental examinations and oral hygiene measures we can help you achieve this aim.
Tooth decay (also known as dental decay or dental caries) is when acids in your mouth dissolve the outer layers of your teeth.
Your mouth is full of bacteria, which combine with small food particles and saliva to form a sticky film known as plaque, which builds up on your teeth.
When you consume food and drink that is high in carbohydrates (sugar or starch), the bacteria in plaque turn the carbohydrates into the energy they need, producing acid at the same time.
Over time, the acid in plaque begins to break down the surface of your tooth and cause decay. Early tooth decay can be painless and with regular dental examinations and X rays it is possible to detect and treat before a more advanced and painful stage.
If the decay is not too advanced the tooth can be repaired by removing the decay and replacing the missing tooth substance with a filling. These can be in various materials either tooth coloured or conventional metal amalgam. Your dentist will advise and help you choose the most suitable material.
Root canal treatment
Root canal treatment (also known as endodontic), is necessary when infection, decay or injury occurs at the centre of the tooth. If the pulp (nerve) of the tooth becomes infected then this may spread into the surrounding bone and cause an abscess. If root canal treatment is not carried out then the infection may spread and the tooth will need to be extracted.
Tooth whitening will lighten the colour of your teeth or restore the colour of your teeth that have become discoloured or stained.
Teeth begin to darken as we get older and staining from coffee, tea, wine etc start to take their effects. This can all be easily remedied through tooth whitening. Your dentist will advise and supervise this treatment for you.
Aside from implants there are 2 main ways of replacing individual tooth loss, either a removable denture or a fixed bridge.
Bridges are generally used when there are fewer teeth lost, they are permanently fixed into the mouth gaining support from adjacent healthy teeth.
A crown (caps) is a laboratory made restoration that fits permanently over the tooth.
Crowns are needed when tooth are very broken down, heavily filled or discoloured and unsightly. They help to strengthen the weakened tooth and improve appearance.
A veneer is a facing made for the front of your tooth. They are usually for your front teeth and are used mainly for aesthetic reasons.
Veneers are usually made out of porcelain and cemented in position using special dental adhesive. They are very thin and require minimal tooth preparation.
Dentures replace missing teeth. They are removable and are used when there has been substantial tooth loss or where other methods of restoration are not appropriate. There are a range of materials and designs available depending on the situation.